Enoplometopus antillensis Lütken, 1865
ILLUSTRATIONS. - Specimen from Madeira, after Wirtz (1996: 368). Copyright P. Wirtz (see his webpages at http://www.medslugs.de/E/Photographers/Peter_Wirtz.htm). Specimen from Canary Island, after González Pérez (1995: 132, photo 74 by A. Brito). Copyright J.A. González Pérez/Publicaciones Turquesas S.L. Specimen from Cabo Verde Islands, photograph P. Wirtz. Copyright P. Wirtz.
REFERENCES. - Enoplometopus antillensis Lütken, 1865: 265 (Type locality: West Indies).
Enoplometopus antillensis - Holthuis, 1946: 72, (Figures of type specimen). - Fausto Filho, 1970: 55 (Off the Rio Grande do Norte State, northeastern Brazil). - Fausto Filho, 1976: 222 (Off the northeast coast of Brazil). - Debelius, 1986: 13 (Photograph, lower right). - Wirtz et al., 1998: 170 (Cape Verde: Sal Island). - Manning & Camp, 1989: 412 (Figure 1 from type specimen; West Atlantic: Bermuda, half way between Kitcheners and N.E. marker, 18 m; East coast of Florida, about 1 mile NE of Lake Worth Inlet, Florida, 2027 m; Bahama Islands, Grand Bahama Island, S.E. of Settlement Point; Panama, Golfo de Mesquites, Bahía de Almirante, 9°25'30"N, 82°20'W, 520 m; Netherlands West Indies, Bonaire, 9 m; Central Atlantic: St. Helena Island; East Atlantic: Gulf of Guinea, off Gabon, 3°30'S, 8°53'E, 201 m; also full references and previous records for the species including: São Tomé Island, Gulf of Guinea, off Brazil 03°17'S, 29°57'W larvae, Madeira). - Scelzo & Rodriguez, 1991: 226 (Isla de Margarita, Venezuela). - González Pérez, 1995: 134, photographs 7475 (Canary Islands; full page photograph, p. 137; also previous references for Canary Islands by Herrera et al. and Nahke). - Wirtz & Herrera, 1995: 116 (Canary Islands: Cran Canaria, Hierro, Lanzarote, and Tenerife Islands; 530 m). - Wirtz, 1996: 368 (Canary Islands: Cran Canaria, Hierro, Lanzarote, and Tenerife Islands). - Chan & Yu, 1998: 190 (Key).
Enoplometopus (Hoplometopus) antillensis - Holthuis, 1983: 282 (Type species of Hoplometopus, new sub genus).
Hoplometopus antillensis - de Saint Laurent, 1988: 61 (List).
Enoplometopus dentatus Miers, 1880: 381 (Type locality: St. Helena Island). - De Man, 1916: 96 (not consulted). - Gordon, 1968: 80 (Type specimen; "I have thought it advisable to publish a description of Miers's holotype ... Although the fact that E. dentatus is synonymous with E. antillensis ..." ). - Manning & Camp, 1989: 412 (Comparison of holotypes of E. dentatus, British Museum, and E. antillensis, Zoological Museum of Copenhagen; E. dentatus again considered as a junior synonym of E. antillensis).
Enoplometopus sp. - Forest, 1959: 22, pl. 3 n°4 (Gulf of Guinea, Annobon, 20 m).
[Not Enoplometopus antillensis - De Man, 1916: 96 (not consulted). - Holthuis, 1946: 79 (Banda, Moluccas) = E. holthuisi Gordon, 1968; cf. Gordon, 1968: 90; Holthuis, 1983: 297].
LOCATION OF TYPES SPECIMENS. - Zoological Museum, Copenhagen (ZMC).
MATERIAL EXAMINED. - Ascencion Island: under rocks in 40 feet, off Southwest Point near rocked Launcher, May 1981, dive at night, M. Mc Dowell, 1 male cl 26.7 mm (MNHN As 558, leg. R.B. Manning). - Gulf of Guinea, Annobon W, coll. Calypso, st. 109, 5/07/1956, 1°25.10'S, 5°36.10'E, dive at 20 m, 1 female cl 20.0 mm (MNHN As 557; specimen illustrated in color in National Geographic Magazine).
CARAPACE. - Lateral edge of rostrum with three spines, or four spines. Carapace armed with five median spines; two postcervical spines; three lateral spines; one intermediate spine; one supra-ocular spine.
CHELIPEDS (P1) & AMBULATORY LEGS (P2 to P5). - Chela broad and compressed, about 3 times as long as wide (3.64 times on specimens examined); dactyl of cheliped without spines on outer margin; upper and lower faces of chela smooth, without tubercles. Dactyl of second pereiopod long, about 0.3 times as long as propodus; carpus with a distoventral spine.
ABDOMEN & TELSON. - Pleurae of abdominal somites II to V with a sharp, posteriorly curved median tooth. Anteroventral margins of pleurae II to V smooth. Posterior margin of sixth abdominal tergite with 2 short spines (spines blunt, not acute). Male first pleopod with distal or subdistal indentation. Telson with two lateral spines; and two distolateral spines.
COLORATION. - Ground color of body orange red. Lateral face of carapace with a large white circle (and wavy white lines posteriorly). Ambulatory legs orange red with narrow white bands. Abdomen with several ocellated spots (white spots circled with orange or black).
DISTRIBUTION. - West Atlantic: Bermuda; East coast of Florida; Bahama Islands, Grand Bahama Island; Netherlands West Indies, Bonaire; Panama, Golfo de Mesquites, Bahía de Almirante; Venezuela; Brazil, off northeast coast and off Rio Grande do Norte State. - Central Atlantic: Ascencion and St Helena Islands; off Brazil 03°17'S, 29°57'W, larvae. - East Atlantic: Madeira; Canary Islands (Cran Canaria, Hierro, Lanzarote, and Tenerife Islands); Gulf of Guinea (off Gabon and Annobon Island); Cape Verde Islands (Sal Island). Deep distribution: 5201 meters (200 m is unusual, the species being mainly recorded around 1530 m).
REMARKS. - Label of specimen examined from Ascencion Island with this note: " ... specimens from St Helena are larger and are often eaten there, mostly by fishermen as they get into their fish and lobster traps".
Cite this publication as: Joseph POUPIN (2002 onwards).Tropical reef lobsters of the genus Enoplometopus: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, and Information Retrieval, using the DELTA format. Version: 30 May 2002. At http://biomar.free.fr/enoplometopus/.